ABOUT KVK

Birth of KVK: Taking the note of the developmental activities of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, granted its sanction for establishment of the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (The Farm Science Centre) in May 1992. However the actual implementation of its programmes could be started during March, 1993 only.  Before launching its programmes and activities, a benchmark survey of the selected villages was done to make a socio-economic appraisal and to understand the existing practices of the farmers.  This enabled the KVK to identify the technological gaps and critical needs and requirements of the farmers.  This formed the basis for framing operational modality like training, demonstration and on-farm-trials by the KVK.  Simultaneously, the farm development work was also started as an important requirement for the strengthening of training-cum-demonstration infrastructure of the KVK.

KVK’s today’s Scenario: The KVK has excelled in bringing the modern technological packages at the farmers’ doorstep with the help of various instructional units. KVK today has sufficient resources to impart training skills for not only the farmers, but also the rural youth. The training schedule typically incorporates the existing needs and problems of the farmers for making a positive impact. The trainings are conducted both at the on-campus and off-campus locations. It invariably emphasizes on providing both the short-term as well as long-durational courses specifically to impart practical orientation to these courses. KVK has started the instructional units for not only imparting the skills, but also for providing the critical inputs as per the demand and need of the farmers.

Wherever the response of the farmers to technologies under the Lab-To-Land Programmes and the On-Farm-Trials demonstrated by the KVK arose, there was a multifold need to take the assistance from the other funding agencies. The KVK took bold initiatives in convincing different State and Central Government funding agencies to provide the financial support to undertake the innovative schemes and projects for further extending the extension programmes outside the purview of the KVK selected villages.

LOCATION: Thenkasi, Thirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India. 

DISTANCE: 13 Kms from Thenkasi and 7 Kms from Karianallur.

LANDMARK: Near Karianallur, located in Madurai – Thenkasi National Highway.

TREE VARIETIES:

Sl. No

Plant / Crop

Quantity

1

Guava (Koiyya maram)

350

2

Gooseberry (Nelli maram)

728

3

Coconut (Thennai maram)

3300

4

Neem (Vaeppa maram)

1500

5

Mango (Maa maram)

1628

6

Sapote (Sapotta maram)

2760

7

Teak (Thaekku maram)

16850

8

Beefwood Tree (Savukku maram)

2500

9

Cashew Tree (Mundiri Maram)

136

10

Lime Tree (Elumichai maram)

372

11

Tamarind (Puliya maram)

3764

12

Others: Jack fruit tree (Palaa maram), Almonds (Baadhaam), Red Silk Cotton Tree (Ilavam panju), Royal Palm (Raaja panai), Jamun Tree (Naaval maram), Pomegranate (Madhulai), Ashoka, Jack Fruit Tree (Pala Maram)

320



Trees in Acres and Numbers:
1.       Coconuts - 40 Acres - 22782
2.       Sapotta – 60 Acres - 1448
3.       Amla – 25 Acres - 600
4.       Tamarind – 80 Acres - 3764
5.       Teak – 15 Acres - 16850
6.       Mango – 50 Acres

YIELD:

Plant / Crop

Total(in Kgs)

Sapote

16331

Mango

18312

Amla

25094

Cocunut

171145


SOIL TYPE: Red and black soil.

CULTIVATION SUITABLE FOR: Coconuts, mango, guava, sapote, tamarind.

CLIMATIC CONDITION: 26°C - 35°C. Thenkasi is also famous for its ‘saaral’ (drizzling) during May-August of every year.

WATER LEVEL & IRRIGATION: Copious water level found from 30 feet below the ground.

FARM ANIMALS: Cows and hunting dogs are grown in these farms.

EMPLOYMENTS AND BENEFITS: 120 workers are employed in the farms, also provided with residential quarters, and school education for their children.

OTHER FACETS: KVK (Kisan Vikas Kendra – Central Govt.) providing livelihood for families associated with farming, bringing upliftment to the downtrodden. Sampling plantation in agriculture center.

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